Polytheism is the belief in multiple gods. Most of Colonial society practices polytheism - it is their mainstream religious practice. The pantheon of the Colonial gods are known as the "Lords of Kobol."
Kobol is the birthplace of humanity. Prior to the exodus, humans lived there in peace with the Lords of Kobol. The residents of Kobol prayed to the Gods that befit their need, whether it be Zeus, the King of the Gods who lived on Mount Olympus; Athena, the Mother Goddess of Wisdom and War, or the others. 
Lords of Kobol
- Jupiter (Zeus)
- Mars (Ares)
The Sacred Scrolls are the texts upon which the Colonial's polytheistic religion is based. One of the more prominent of the scrolls, the Pythian Prophecies, tells about Kobol (home of the gods and humanity), the exodus of the Twelve Tribes and the exodus of the Thirteenth Tribe before them. The prophet Pythia was named after the oracle-priestess of Apollo.
Ben Stark and Zoe Graystone share their newfound Monotheist faith with Lacy Rand. Ben says the Gods are an apathetic cabal. People pray to them, but the Gods do not hear. They win Lacy over to their new faith by equating the moral decay and lawlessness of V-World with the polytheistic society in which they live. ("Pilot")
The riddle foreshadows the future. It alludes to the Cylon attack on the Twelve Colonies in 100YR, decades after humankind enslaved their sentient mechanical creations, and after the First Cylon War. ("Ghosts in the Machine") ("Apotheosis") ("Battlestar Galactica: Miniseries")
- Adama Family
- Daniel Graystone
- Amanda Graystone
- Jordan Duram
- Tomas Vergis
- Baxter Sarno
- Tauron Rites Singer
- Herac Soldier
Poly is a nickname for Polytheists.
Behind the Scenes
The majority of the names of these gods are drawn from our Greek and Roman pantheons, and, to a lesser extent, from the Norse pantheon.
- King Atreus
- Cerberus the Dog
- Chiron the Centaur
- Delphi (Greece)
- Helen of Troy
- Heraclides (Religion)
- Queen Hippolyta
- Lethe River
- Nestor Son of Neleus
- Philomon (name)
- Ruditis, Paul. "Battlestar Galactica Vault, The Complete History of the Series 1978-2012." Sterling New York, 2014, page 149 (edited).
- Photo: "Odin, der Göttervater" (Odin enthroned with weapons, wolves and ravens) by Carl Emil Doepler (1824-1905). Published in 1882. The signature seems to indicate it was made in 1880. Source: Wägner, Wilhelm. 1882. Nordisch-germanische Götter und Helden. Otto Spamer, Leipzig & Berlin. Page Seven, public domain.
- Pythia on Battlestar Galactica Wiki. Retrieved on May 17, 2019.
- Photo: Sphinx. Attic red-figure pyxis, second half of the fifth century BC. From Nola (Italy). Oppermann Collection, Cabinet des Médailles, Paris, France. Source: Marie-Lan Nguyen (2010), CC BY 2.5.